Tropico Wiki

Farmers are uneducated men and women who cultivate plants and raise animals for food and materials. The higher a farmer's skill, the better the overall production is where they work.

Farmers work in Farms and Ranches.

The Farming systems in T2 differ from other games of the series where farms are single crop and cannot be 'rotated'. (Banana, Corn, Papaya, Sugarcane & Tobacco)

Tropico 4 added bio farms, organic ranches, and plantations.

It's possible for a presidente to have been a farmer before rising to power, boosting their relationship with the Communists and increasing the production rates of all other farmers but hurting their relationship with the Intellectuals.