For buildings of the same name in other Tropico games, see Farm.
Farms are resource buildings in Tropico 3 and Tropico 4. Their main use is providing Tropico with food which can also be sold off as cheap exports. Whenever a Tropican citizen is hungry, they'll head to the nearest farm, unless there's a marketplace closer. In addition to food, farms can grow cash crops - crops which can't be eaten but can be sold off or processed to make a lot more money than selling food would. Crop fields will decrease the beauty around them, even if pollution is kept in check.
- Corn: Corn is the most efficient and versatile food crop; it grows almost anywhere and provides much more food than fruit does. Corn takes 6 months to grow, making it the fastest growing crop.
- Banana: Bananas are a fruit that grow best at higher altitudes. Bananas take one year to grow.
- Papaya: Papayas are a fruit that grow best in humid areas. Papayas take one year to grow.
- Pineapple: Pineapples are a fruit that grow best in humid areas. Pineapples can be canned and sold as Canned Pineapples in canneries. Pineapples are expensive on the market, but they take almost two years to grow.
- Coffee: Coffee is a cash crop that grows best at high altitudes and high humidity. Coffee can be canned and sold as Canned Coffee or Freeze-Dried Coffee in canneries. Coffee has an acceptable price on the market and takes almost one year to grow.
- Tobacco: Tobacco is a cash crop that grows best at high altitudes and low humidity. Tobacco leaves can be rolled into Cigars and Machine Cigars in cigar factories. Tobacco has high prices on the market and takes 8 months to grow.
- Sugar: Sugar is a cash crop that grows best at low altitudes and high humidity. Sugar can be distilled into Rum or Spiced Rum at a Rum Distillery. Sugar has high prices on the market and takes 8 months to 1 year to grow.
(The above information about crop growing times does not represent the Tropico 4 crop growing times. If it can be verified that the above information is true of Tropico 3, then please edit this page to make it known that this is the correct information for Tropico 3 and erase this message. Otherwise, please remove or correct the aforementioned information.)
Tropico 4 Additional Farm Information
Each farm works 6 fields of land, each a little larger than one grid square. Each edible crop field produces crops through 3 transformations of 4 growth stages. Each transformation takes 40 seconds to complete, (at speed 2), meaning that each full harvest cycle takes 2 minutes to complete. This is true of all edible plant types, with the exception of the papaya, which has two growth stages with a single 55 second transformation.
A field of sugar plants goes through 3 transformations of 4 growth stages, each lasting for 53 seconds, resulting in a 2-minute and 40 second harvest cycle. A field of coffee plants goes through 2 transformations of 3 growth stages, the first lasting for 1 minute and 47 seconds and the second lasting for 53 seconds, resulting in a 2-minute and 40 second harvest cycle. A field of tobacco plants goes through 2 transformations of 3 growth stages, the first lasting 1 minute and 53 seconds and the second lasting for 57 seconds, resulting in a 2-minute and 50 second harvest cycle.
At speed 2, each edible crop field produces 80 crops in 2 minutes (one full cycle) for an average of 240 crops per minute per farm. At the same speed, each cash crop field produces 80 crops in 2 minutes and 40 seconds (the tobacco harvest cycle will be rounded down by a negligible 10 seconds here) for an average of 180 crops per minute per farm. This is based on farms on near-perfect growing conditions, and calculated to compensate for the job experience modifiers farmers may have, meaning that this is representative of farms with farmers of 0% farming job experience.
Considering that 1 farm can feed 50 citizens, according to Penultimo, and that each farm grows 240 crops per minute, it can be assumed that each citizen consumes nearly 5 crops per minute.
Note that farmers do not always work the same fields more than once, and that farmers will sometimes not work some fields at all.